Joshua: “Jehovah as salvation”
Names for Joshua: Hoshea (Num. 13:8, 16, Dt. 32:44), Jehoshua (1Chron. 7:27), Jeshua (Neh. 8:17), Jesus (Heb. 4:8). Jesus is the Greek form of Joshua.
Born a slave in Egypt, son of Nun, a descendant of Ephraim, younger son of Joseph, blessed by Jacob, the greater blessing than older brother Mannasseh.
Ex. 17:8-16- victory over the Amalekites, descendants of Esau, Esau’s son’s concubine, Gen. 36:12. Older will serve the younger, Amalekites destroyed by David. Josh. Leads fight.
v.14- 1st account of Moses keeping written record. Wanted Josh. To have physical reminder.
v.15- Built an altar, The Lord is My Banner
Ex. 24: 12-18- Josh. With Moses on Mt. Sinai, saw the glory of the Lord with Moses.
Ex. 33:11- Josh. A constant worshipper of God.
Num.13- Josh. sent to spy out the Promised Land.
Num. 14: 6-10- Josh. tries to change Israel’s mind, Israel was going to stone him, Caleb.
v. 30- only Josh., Caleb will enter the land. All other spies died of plague, v. 36-38.
Num. 27: 12-23- leadership given to Josh. by Moses before the people.
v.18- Josh. “in whom is the Spirit”
v.20- a portion of Moses’ authority, share authority with Eleazar the priest, son of Aaron. E inquires of the Lord, Josh. carries out commands.
v.23- Moses lays hands on Josh, see Dt. 34:9, Josh full of the Holy Spirit
1. Moses servant of the Lord, Josh. his assistant.
2. 2-4, a command and a promise.
5.- remember God’s history with Moses.
6, 7, 9- be strong and courageous. Also 1:18.
7-8- meditate upon, follow the written Law.
Josh 3:1-8, see v. 5 (sanctify yourselves),.
v. 7 Josh. to be exalted before people.
v.10- know that the living God is among you, will drive out other nations.
Cross Jordon with Ark, Memorial Stones.
5: 1-12, circumcision.
v. 8-9- in the presence of the enemy. Vessels of bronze
v.10- kept the Passover
v.11-12- eat produce of the land, manna stopped.
13-15- whose side, NO!, holy ground, Jesus.
See Dt. 20 for rules covering warfare.
Josh 6-Jericho- “Moon City”- center of worship of moon god. Nor just destroying city, but worship center of pagan god.
v.2- God says “See, I have given city” while it was closed up. Also v.16.
God’s instructions unusual, before the enemy, not repeated. Josh. was to inquire before the Lord.
v.17- doomed to destruction, all that could not be put in the treasury.
v. 18- abstain from accursed
v.19- gold, silver, vessels of bronze, iron into treasury.
v. 21, 24- utterly destroy Canaanite paganism
v.27- Lord with Josh., fame spreads
v.26- curse fulfilled by King Ahab, 1Ki. 16:34
Josh. 7:1-Ai- 15 mile climb from Jericho onto central plain. Strategic. Achan took accursed things
v. 2-Beth Aven-House of Wickedness.
v. 6-10- didn’t inquire of the Lord in the 1st place. V.7-Josh. speaks to God like Israelites spoke to Moses in the desert.
v.13- can’t stand before enemies.
v. 24-26, see Dt.24: 16- children can’t be executed for father’s sin. Most likely adult collaborators. No mention of Achan’s wife. Either dead or innocent. See also Ezk. 18:3 onward. Achan executed in manner like Canaanites.
Josh. 8:1-2- don’t be afraid, dismayed (feel ashamed). Share the spoil. Achan was greedy, could have shared in spoil. God gave instructions. See v. 4-8, 18. v.3-35,000 men, not the couple thousand from 1st battle.
v.30-35- rewrite, speak whole Law, command of Moses, Dt. 11:26-30, 27:1-8. Memorial, for future generations, in presence of enemies.
Josh. 9: 1-2, enemies join, plot against Israel.
v.3, 9-10, knew what God had done for, through Israel. Like Rahab.
v.14- did not take counsel from God.
v.15- made covenant
v. 16, on- will not break cov.- Gibeonites made to carry wood to tabernacle, exposed to true worship. Helped Nehemiah rebuild temple.
Josh. 10- fought according to cov.
v.25- Josh. says be strong, of good courage.
Josh 11:15- Josh did all Moses commanded.
v.19-20-no one but Gibeonites made peace. Lord hardened hearts, no idolatry in Israel.
Josh. 23:6 0n- courage to keep Law in midst of pagan nations. Don’t serve idols, do not cling to remnant, do not marry pagans, or will be slaves.
Josh. 24: 2, 13, 14-15, onward. Choose!
v.29-32- those that knew Josh. served the Lord. Joseph’s bones buried.