I began with a short introduction giving the historical context to 1Sam. 17. Then the chapter was examined in detail from verses 1 through 37. Here are the notes for that portion of the sermon, which came from the Wednesday morning class I teach at church:
1Sam. 17:1- Socoh, 15 miles west of Bethlehem, in Judah, and belonging to tribe of Judah.
v4- champion- middle man, one army chooses warrior to do battle with chosen warrior from opposing army, prevent great loss of life. The army of the losing warrior serves the victorious army. Greek practice. Contest among the gods.
9ft., 9 inches.
v.5- clothed with scaled body armor, 126 lbs.
v. 7- 15-16 lbs.
Who was Goliath? An Anakite. These were the people Joshua and the spies saw in the promised land when they reported that the Israelites were like grasshoppers compared to them. Joshua mostly destroyed them, Josh. 11:21-22. Survivors settled in Gath, where Goliath was from.
v.11- Tall Saul afraid. Israel’s trust in human king had failed. Lack of faith in covenant promises.
v. 15-20- David still subject to parents, even though plays for the king, like Christ being subject to his parents.
v. 25- Israelites focused on reward.
v. 26- David focused on insult to God’s honor, sets him apart from Saul, every one else.
v.28- When a righteous person defies the enemy, fearful people turn on them. Like Jonathan before the Philistines. Also, Eliab, brothers, mad that they were not chosen,
v. 31- so they reported him to Saul. (To see him punished?)
v. 32- No arrogance, but assures Saul not to lose heart.
v. 36- No insult to fearful soldiers, called them the armies of the living God, whom Goliath defies.
v. 37- A HISTORY WITH GOD- David depends on God, not his own abilities.
I then quickly looked at Ps. 23, showing that only one who had such a history with God could write it. Then non-faith was illustrated through quickly looking at some biblical passages: relying on own righteousness (Ezk. 33:13), on own strength (Hos. 10:13), on leaders (Ps.118: 8-9), on riches (Jer. 49:4), Prov. 3:5-6.
Then a quick look was given at what faith produces in us: confession (Acts 19:18), forgiveness (Acts 10:43), grace (Acts 15:11), healing (Acts 14:9), the receiving of the Holy Spirit (Eph. 1:13), justification (Acts 13:38-39), purification (Acts 15:9), sanctification (Acts 26:18), hope (Ps. 33:20-22). While awaiting the return of Jesus Christ, faith causes us to live lives of holiness now, as if Christ has already returned. This last point was made by reading Heb.11: 24-26 and 2Pet. 3:10-13.
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