Sunday, November 2, 2014

Moses and Aaron

Here is the last of the material taught in my Wed. morning class that was taught over a year ago but had not been posted here.


Moses: to draw out, extraction, Ex. 2:10
Ex. 1-2:10. Read Ex. 1:22.
Acts 7:22- “And Moses was learned in all the wisdom of the Egyptians, and was mighty in words and deeds.”

Ex. 2: 11-15, 22-25
v. 11- Moses knew he was a Hebrew.
v. 13- felt himself a leader of the Hebrews. Acts 7:25- thought the Hebrews would understand that he would deliver them. But….
v.12- wrath against oppressors.
In 40 years, Moses gets Egypt out of him.
v. 22- learn to be a pilgrim.
v. 23-25- God hears Israel’s cries, 450 years, prophecy to Abraham. Why? Get Israel out of Canaan- Gen. 15: 13-16.

Ex. 3
v. 2-3- not just an impressive display, but showing Moses who He is, not part of creation.
v. 5- Holy- 1st time word used of God, produce Holy fear.
v. 6- have a history of deliverance.
v. 7-8- God hears, knows, wants to deliver Israel to a good land.
v. 10- God calls Moses.
v. 12- will work with Moses where he is at.
v. 14- “To be”, I exist. Where we get Yahweh, Jehovah.
v. 18- purpose of deliverance- worship, abad, meaning of worship- slave.
Paul said we are either slaves of righteousness or slaves of sin.
v. 19-22- God knows how Pharaoh will act.

Ex. 4
v.1- 17- God gives signs to Moses.
v. 18- Moses is humble, could have been arrogant after meeting with God.
v. 21-23- God will harden Pharaoh’s heart.
See Ex. 6: 10-13, 7: 1-5, 13-14, 22, 8:8, 15, 19, 32, 9: 7, *12*, 11:10, 10: 1, 20, 27. Paul in Rom. 1 says God gives people over to their sin.
Plagues tied to Egyptian gods.

Ex. 11: 1-10, see v. 7.

Ex. 12
The Passover. v. 6, v. 23 connected.
Christ is the Passover Lamb- “…you were not redeemed with corruptible things, like silver or gold, from your aimless conduct received by tradition from your fathers, but with the precious blood of Christ, as a lamb without blemish and without spot.” 1Pet. 1: 18-19.
v. 8- bitter herbs represent bitterness of slavery.
v. 12- final statement of God’s power.
v. 26-28- children are to be instructed.
v. 9- don’t eat it with the blood in it, like the pagans.
v. 10-11- pilgrims in a strange land.
v. 19-20- leaven=sin.
v. 11, 31- God delivers you speedily. He wants you to speedily remove yourself from sin.  Don’t be like Lot.
v. 43-49- no foreigners can celebrate the Passover unless circumcised.

Ex. 14
v. 4- God will harden Pharaoh’s heart. Know that the Lord is God.
v. 10-12- When someone is 1st delivered, 1st trial is major crises. Faith is developed as we develop our history with God.
v. 13-14- The Lord will fight for you.
v. 15-16- God does the work, but we are to act.
v. 21, 26, 27- division of waters not immediate, see v. 30.
Read Ps. 77: 16-19.

Ex. 18
v. 1-3- heard of all that God had done for Moses, Israel.
v. 11- “Now I know God is above all gods.”
v. 7- Moses remained humble.
v. 13-23- need to support one another. God speaks through people.

Ex. 19
v. 4-5- because of what God for them, obey on basis of that, v. 8. “therefore.” Before then, hardly any Law given to govern behavior except Passover/1st born.
v. 10-15- be of clean heart when approach God. God is holy.
v.16- there is holy fear in a genuine encounter with God.

Ex. 20
1-17- 10 commandments. See v. 2. On basis of what God has done, obey His Laws out of love, gratitude, and holy fear.
v. 22-26- don’t worship as pagans do.
v. 22- God exists, not an idol, no idolatry, see v. 23.
v. 24-25- not elaborate altars like the pagans.

Ex. 21
v. 1-11- treat servants/ slaves right, unlike other cultures.
Serve 7 years, no break up of families.
awl- public commitment to master.
Daughters redeemed, no discrimination against, among wives.
Some sell themselves because of poverty. Some men sold their daughters to the wealthy because they didn’t want them married into their own class.
Remember Gen. 9: 6, man is made in God’s image.
v. 12-27- community, government, not clan v. clan, blood feud, constant slaughter. Must prove premeditation.  Cities of refuge. v.16- kidnapping, man stealers, slavery condemned.   Death penalty. v. 15,17- preserve sanctity of the home. V. 20-27- servants treated justly.
Eye for an eye, tooth for a tooth, no punishment beyond moral culpability. Jesus taught correct context for this phrase in Sermon on the Mount, Mt. 5: 38-42.
v. 31- son, daughter of = value.
v. 28- 36- culpable neglect. Man made in God’s image, any animal that kills a man must die. Animals are necessary for livelihood, survival.

Ex. 22
v.1-15- responsibility for property. V. 2- deal with pre-meditation. V.3- no death penalty for property crimes. Aim of this Law is restoration, not economic destruction.
v. 16-23:9- Justice and purity. No purity, no justice. No justice, no purity.
Ex. 22:16-18- bride money, part of father’s property.
v. 18-20- telling the future, controlling others through demonic forces, beastiality figured prominently in Canaanite worship, sacrifice to idols.
v.21- the key- treat well, Israel was a stranger.
v. 21-27- justice, “I am gracious.”
v. 28- don’t revile God.
v. 29-30- unjust men withhold from God.

Ex. 32- Israel unfaithful, unholy, before God and God’s enemies. Their conduct gave a false picture of God. When man makes God appear unholy, God is angered. See Num. 20: 8-12.

New Testament on Moses:
Acts 7:35- “This Moses whom they rejected, saying, ‘Who made you a ruler and judge?’ is the one God sent to be a ruler and a deliverer.”

Heb. 3: 1-5- Moses faithful in God’s house, but Christ is greater.
         9: 23-25- “by faith” 5 times.

Lk. 9: 28-31- Moses did make it into the Promised Land.


Aaron: mountain of strength, enlightened, bright.
Brother of Moses, 3 years older, Ex. 7:7, 4th generation after Levi. Born before Pharaoh’s decrees?
Ex. 4:14, becomes Moses’ spokesman.
Holds the rod- 7:9, 19, 8:5, 16. Moses takes rod- 9:22-23, 10:13, 22-23. Ex. 14:16- rod, Red Sea parts.
Ex. 32- The Golden Calf
v. 1-6- Aaron compromised.
v. 19-25- Aaron’s feeble excuse.
v. 25-29- sons of Levi on God’s side.
v. 34-35- God brings punishment for what Aaron had made.
Ex. 28: 1-3- Aaron’s son’s minister to God as priests. They were to be consecrated, set apart. Consecration- Lev. 8: 1-5-

Aaron, before blood sacrifice                   Aaron’s Sons, after sacrifice

Cleansed, v.6                                                 cleansed, v.6
Clothed, v. 7-8                                               clothed, v. 13
Crowned, v. 9                                                charged, v. 35
Anointed, v. 12                                              annointed, v. 30
Set apart for task, the word Christ
v. 24- blood sprinkled on them.
v.30- consecrated with blood.
v. 31-34- make atonement for them.
Lev. 9:7- make atonement for self, people.
v. 22-24- blessed the people, fire consumes (showing God’s approval), people have Godly fear. See Num. 6: 22-27.

Lev. 10
v. 1- profane fire, coals from different altar. Jewish tradition, they were drunk.  See v. 8-10.
v. 3- The Lord is holy. This is an example. So Aaron held his peace.
v. 6- don’t tear holy garments.
v. 7- did according to word of Moses. God had said that Moses would be as God to Aaron.

Num. 17- Aaron’s priesthood confirmed in budding of rod.

Num. 20- Moses and Aaron sin against the Lord. (See Ex. 17: 1-7)
v. 8, 10-11, v. 12- the sin.
v. 24- rebellion is to disobey God’s Word, Moses had called people rebels.
v. 22-29- death of Aaron for this sin. Stripped of his garments, no longer a priest. Garments not to be on the dead. Extra long mourning, 30 days. The same for Moses.

These are examples to us not to lust after wrong things, follow after false gods- 1Cor. 10: 1-13.
Jesus is our High Priest- Heb. 4:14- 5:11.
A greater priesthood- Heb. 7: 20-28.
New Priesthood- Heb. 8: 1-6
New Covenant- Heb. 8: 7-13, 9: 6-22.

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